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[82] could see the flags waving over the underbrush, they fired in that direction. The result was that most of the casualities in this engagement were in Company G.

The firing ceased as suddenly as it began, the enemy retiring. The regiment then advanced in line to the edge of the wood and halted. In front was an open field and about a quarter of a mile distant the woods ran out in a point. As the men came out into the open, a rebel soldier was seen just disappearing around this point. To the left the clearing extended as far as one could see and just beyond the point of woods could be seen the earthworks of the enemy, extending across the field. These were the outer works of the fortifications of Richmond, only three miles and a half away. The Nineteenth opened a brisk fire of about three rounds and the rebel force began a precipitated retreat. Colonel Hinks called upon his men to give three cheers. Upon hearing this, a regiment of the enemy that had been working down upon the right of the Nineteenth joined their fellows in their ‘advance’ upon Richmond. Colonel Hinks at once ordered ‘Cease Firing’ and as soon as the smoke had cleared away, the remainder of the enemy in front were seen to be moving across the field toward their works. A New Jersey regiment had come down and partly covered the left wing of the Nineteenth Massachusetts. Colonel Hinks tried to have them moved out of his way, so that he could make a charge and capture the colors of the rebels, but they were so slow in moving that by the time the regiment was unmasked, the enemy were nowhere to be seen and it was too late. Orders then came for the command to withdraw and at 11.15 A. M. the men marched back through the woods to the earthworks, which for twenty days previously they had occupied under the continual fire of the enemy's guns. Here they remained until the change of base of the army was inaugurated.

Colonel Hinks was warmly complimented by General Sedgwick for his gallantry and skill and the excellent behavior of his regiment in the battle, which was given the name of Oak Grove.

The loss was 43, of whom eight were killed, and one mortally wounded. Company G lost one third of the men lost in this engagement, having three killed and nine wounded.

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