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[121] they had received only one ration other than coffee and hard bread. Their strength, enfeebled by Peninsula experience, was more sorely taxed than ever before.

The following letter gives an idea of the condition of the organization at this time,—just one year from the day the regiment left Massachusetts:

Headquarters, 19TH Regt. Mass. Vols. Camp near Alexandria, Va., August 29TH, 1862.
To His Excellency, John A. Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts,

The condition of this regiment requires three hundred and thirty-two (332) men to fill it to the standard. I respectfully request that number of men may be forwarded as speedily as possible.

Very respectfully,

A. F. Devereux, Lieut. Col. Commanding.

On the bottom of this letter was written the following:

Headquarters near Muddy Branch, Md. September 7TH, 1862.
The above mentioned number of recruits are required to fill our regiment to ‘maximum on paper,’ but six hundred recruits will be required to fill it to the maximum in the field, as we have a large number absent (wounded, sick, etc.,) who will never rejoin us.

E. W. Hinks, Colonel, 19th Mass. Vols.

Fresh from the trials of the Chickahominy and the Seven Days Retreat, the men of the Nineteenth were a rough looking lot. The contrast between them and the neatly dressed, spick and span ‘three-months’ men in garrison at Tenallytown was

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