of a square, one side of which was filled by the Rappahannock River
and the other three by the separate divisions of the corps.
All day Monday was spent in resisting the fierce attacks of the enemy, and on Monday night the corps was safely withdrawn across the river at Banksford.
The part which the Second Brigade took in this battle began after the first effort to carry the position had failed.
The 16th and 121st N. Y. advanced in line until within musket range when it was found that a New Jersey regiment was in the immediate front of the 16th.
It was ordered to move by the right flank across the road and advance against the enemy.
This brought the New Jersey regiment between the 16th and the 121st, and when the New Jersey regiment gave way and the enemy advanced in pursuit, it resulted in the exposure of the left of the 16th and the right of the 121st to a raking flank fire.
There were no troops to the right of the 16th, so that it was compelled to fall back to avoid being entirely cut off from the rest of the division.
It suffered a grievous loss in killed, wounded and captured.
It entered the fight with 30 officers and 380 men. It lost: 24 killed, 12 mortally wounded, 101 wounded, not mortally, and 17 captured.
It ought to be remembered to the credit of the 16th N. Y. that it entered this battle within a few days of the expiration of its term of service; that when it was proposed to send a commission to speak to the two-year regiments appealing to their patriotism, and urging them to enter their last fight with their former valor, Colonel Seaver
refused to let anything be said to the 16th, on the ground that it was not necessary, that the 16th would do its whole duty to the last, without any special urging to do so. Their conduct in this battle showed that the Colonel
had judged his men