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[322] to complete the establishment of our rights and liberties; and that our weapons are the spelling book, the Bible, the press, and the implements of industry; and our impregnable fortifications are schoolhouses and the Church of Christ; and our watchwords are unconditional loyalty to God and our country.

As soon as the great cheering died away Senator Lyman Trumbull spoke: “I am here to-day to rejoice with you in this anniversary of your freedomfreedom from the most abject bondage ever visited upon any portion of the human race-freedom that makes you masters of yourselves, protects you in the enjoyment of the family relation, secures to you your children, prevents the father from being torn from his child, and the mother from being torn from her infant. (Amen and applause.) Secured not without a struggle, not without time, and not, I may say, by human instrumentality alone. Whatever credit any of us or any man may claim for the freedom enjoyed to-day by four millions of American citizens, that credit belongs to Omnipotence, who has so molded events that some of us have been instruments merely in bringing about this greatest and grandest result in the history of the human race.”

Mr. Trumbull closed with these words: “Henceforth, no matter who makes the law, it must be equal, and if it is a law that deprives you of a right, it must deprive us white men of the same right. Equality before the law belongs to you from this time henceforth, and, by the blessing of God, I trust forever.”

Henry Wilson followed Mr. Trumbull with a strong voice and effective utterance: “As I have gazed to-day upon this mighty throng in the capital of my country, as I have looked upon these banners, listened ”

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