patriot for his share in the great achievement, but there is a priceless blessing which comes into his heart in the consciousness that he bore his part manfully in the salvation and purification of the Union. Pessimism will find flaws in our present national fabric-plenty of problems to solve. Your children, fired by your noble example of patriotic fervor and sacrifice, will attend to the flaws and the solution of problems. Our Union, as I understand it, when perfected in all its parts is worthy of our love. I know of no government on the whole earth so near an ideal republic as ours. I often think of how an equilateral triangle exemplifies our threefold system — the Congress, the Executive, and the Judiciary; each side of equal independence, joined solidly together, and yet each acting separately to perform its functions, wonderful and complete. That triangle indicates firmness of structure and strength. It is the people's method of governing themselves. By a written constitution our Congress, our Executive, and our Courts, all three created by the people, limit and square their modes of action. May those who come after us have the wisdom to preserve and defend our nation thus constituted. It would be suicidal to take from the States the power essential to their life. As for the territoriesthe simple territorial system is surely the best, especially when some life has been given it by the fostering care of the nation, particularly, as in the Philippines, in an education which is absolutely necessary to development. Every danger of revolution, riot, or anarchy is lessened by this simple system, which has worked well hitherto. It appears to me that little would be gained by sundering
This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
Chapter 35 : Battle of Atlanta
Chapter 36 : Battle of Ezra Church
Chapter 37 : Battle of Jonesboro
Chapter 37 : Battle of Lovejoy's Station and capture of Atlanta
Chapter 39 : General Hood 's northward march; Sherman in pursuit; battle of Allatoona
Chapter 40 : return to Atlanta ; the March to the sea; Battle of Griswoldville, ga.
Chapter 41 : the march to the sea; capture of Fort McAllister and Savannah
Chapter 42 : March through the Carolinas ; Savannah, Ga. , to Columbia, S. C.
Chapter 43 : march through the Carolinas ; the taking of Columbia
Chapter 44 : skirmishing at Cheraw and Fayetteville and the Battle of Averysboro
Chapter 45 : March through the Carolinas ; the Battle of Bentonville ; Johnston 's surrender
Chapter 46 : negro conditions during the Civil War
Chapter 47 : freedmen's aid societies and an act of congress creating a Bureau of refugees, freedmen and abandoned lands
Chapter 48 : organization of the freedmen's Bureau and my principles of action
Chapter 49 : the abandoned lands
Chapter 50 : courts for freedmen; medical care and provision for orphans
Chapter 51 : the early finances; schools started
Chapter 52 : President Johnson 's reconstruction and further bureau legislation for 1866
Chapter 53 : the bureau work in 1866 ; President Johnson 's first opposition
Chapter 54 : public addresses concerning the freedmen in 1866 , advocating education
Chapter 55 : first appropriation by congress for the bureau; the reconstruction Act, March 2 , 1867 ; increase of educational work
Chapter 56 : famine reliefs; paying soldiers' bounties, and summary of work accomplished
Chapter 57 : the Ku-Klux Klan
Chapter 58 : beginning of Howard University
Chapter 59 : institutions of the higher grade; the Barry Farm
Chapter 60 : opposition to Bureau and reconstruction work became personal; the Congregational Church of Washington
Chapter 61 : Court of inquiry ; president of Howard University
Chapter 62 : life in Washington, D. C. , 1866 to 1874 ; assigned to duty in regular army as commander, Department of the Columbia
Chapter 63 : in the Northwest , among the Indians ; trip to Alaska ; life in Portland, Ore. ; 1874 to 1881
Chapter 64 : superintendent of the United States military Academy ; commanding Department of the Platte , Omaha, Neb.
Chapter 65 : in Europe , Egypt , and Constantinople
Chapter 66 : Italy and Switzerland
Chapter 67 : France and Germany ; Convention of young men's Christian Association , Berlin , 1884
Chapter 68 : French army maneuvers, 1884 ; promotion to Major General , United States army , San Francisco 1886 - 88
Chapter 69 : transferred to New York city
Chapter 70 : D. L. Moody on board the Spree ; Spanish War, 1898 ; Lincoln Memorial University ; conclusion
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