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[84] public speaking means; it is not public speaking, properly so called, when one reads from a manuscript, and hardly such when a man recites what has been committed to memory. Yet it is the present tendency of press methods to banish all other oratory except this.

It may be laid down as a general rule that the things which were most effective with an audience on a given occasion are rarely reported by the press; for the press follows more and more the cut-and-dried method. This method discourages the speaker. He knows in advance that either he must write for the journals of next morning or else speak for the audience of that evening; it is becoming more and more difficult to do both. If he writes out his speech, and knows it to be in type, the freshness of the special adaptation is gone; he no longer talks with his audience as man to man. All is premeditated; he cannot avail himself of the glow of the moment, of the happy opportunity given by some passing incident. On the other hand, if he yields to these last desires, and deals at first hand with his hearers, he knows almost with certainty that his speech will either be dismissed unreported — which is not so bad-or will be given only in a few phrases caught haphazard,

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