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[150] instincts assist this tendency. Every parent wishes to provide for his offspring. Now riches have wings, but a place in the peerage has not. The pauper son of the millionaire is nobody, but the earl's son holds his position securely in spite of poverty, or even of crime. This is a clew to much of the charm possessed by hereditary rank for rich Americans; and the repeated instances of misery which have followed its pursuit always leave room for a hope that the next experiment may turn out better.

And even apart from rank, everything in English society, or even that of Continental Europe, gives to wealth an advantage which it may never claim here. The vast estates, the perfectly organized service, the habit of deference, afford a sort of paradise to those who look no further than themselves. Even an American bishop, it is said, is not altogether free from the delight inspired, on English soil, by hearing himself called “Me Lud.” It is very striking to see the unanimity with which highly cultivated Americans-Sumner, Ticknor, Motley, Hawthorne, Lowell-have expressed in their diaries or letters an American reaction against these splendors, to which they were here and there admitted in England;

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