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[150] Tories of that day precisely as the unconstitutional Slave Act has been welcomed by large and imperious numbers among us. Hutchinson, at that time Lieutenant Governor and Judge in Massachusetts, wrote to Ministers in England: ‘The Stamp Act is received with as much decency as could be expected. It leaves no room for evasion, and will execute itself.’ Like the judges of our day, in charges to grand juries, he resolutely vindicated the Act, and admonished ‘the jurors and the people’ to obey. Like Governors of our day, Bernard, in his speech to the Legislature of Massachusetts, demanded unreasoning submission. ‘I shall not,’ says this British Governor, ‘enter into any disquisition of the policy of this Act. I have only to say it is an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain; and I trust that the supremacy of that Parliament over all the members of their wide and diffused empire never was and never will be denied within these walls.’ Like marshals of our day, the officers of the Customs made ‘application for a military force to assist them in the execution of their duty.’ The military were against the people. A British major of artillery at New York exclaimed, in tones not unlike those now sometimes heard: ‘I will cram the stamps down their throats with the end of my sword.’ The elaborate answer of Massachusetts—a paper of historic grandeur—drawn by Samuel Adams, was pronounced ‘the ravings of a parcel of wild enthusiasts.’

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