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But the great event of Dr. Appleton's ministry was the Revolution and the beginning of the republic. Cambridge had a conspicuous share in all this work of patriotism. The church had its part in the town and for the country, as from the beginning. The lands of the church appear frequently in the records of this period. There is a catalogue signed ‘N. A.,’ and entitled, ‘Lands belonging to the Church and Congregation in Cambridge for the Use of the Ministry.’ There are several lots in Menotomy, a lot of twenty acres in Newton, a farm of 500 acres in Lexington. The Newton and Lexington lands were sold in Appleton's time, and the rest later.

The minister was not paid altogether in money. Mr. Brattle wrote in the Church Book: ‘My salary from the town is ninety pounds per annum, and the overplus money.’ Afterwards he had £ 100. There are long lists of donors of wood. The sending of the wood seems to have been discontinued at the time his salary was increased. In 1697 is a long list headed, ‘Sent in since Nov. 3, the day that I was married. From my good neighbors in town.’ Then follows an account of articles for his table, with the names of the donors: ‘Goody Gove, 1 pd. Fresh Butter, 8d.; Doct. Oliver, a line Pork, 2s.; Sarah Ferguson, 1 pig, 1s. 9d.’

Mr. Appleton acknowledges gifts made to him: ‘My good friends and neighbors have for several years past, in the fall of the year, brought me a considerable quantity of wood gratis, some years between thirty and forty loads, sometimes above forty loads.’ Then follow the names of the friends and the quantity of the wood they brought. He needed this. The times were hard. He has left a receipt for £ 3 2s. to complete the payment of his salary in continental bills, ‘although they are exceedingly depreciated.’ His salary had been £ 100, and, while the amount was probably but little changed, he gave receipts in one year for £ 600; and the next year for £ 750; and in 1783 for £ 2000 paper currency and £ 25 silver currency. He lived to be nearly ninety years old. For a few months he had a colleague, the Rev. Timothy Hilliard, who remained the minister of the church till 1790. In January, 1792, Rev. Abiel Holmes became the pastor. He remained the pastor of the church until September, 1831. He died in 1837. Dr. Holmes's pastorate was a period of very great importance. He was well known as a historian, and was active in all public

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