shackles when they get into the Christian Examiner
, into the North American Review
, or into any other of the channels of active life.
But the sin of this pulpit is, that it permits you to think.
Now, I value the Sunday for this,--it is one step toward intellect.
The Devil invented work,--I mean forced work.
Heaven is leisure.
When we clutched a day and gave it to the mind, we just redeemed one seventh of the time from the Devil, and gave it to God.
You may use that in two ways.
You may use it as a mere intellectual instrumentality ; but the mere culture of the intellect does not make a man. Take a common man and teach him to read; lift him up into intellectual life, as the newspaper does, as the review does; and take him in the mass,--he will not murder, he will not rob, he will not knock a man down in the highway, the crimes of violence will decrease; but he will steal, he will cheat on the Stock Exchange
The channel of the intellect becomes the channel in which his character and nature move.
Now, the world
has reached that point.
The press has done its work marvellously well.
Politics has done its work; it has taken the vassal and lifted him up into a voter; it has taken the mere plodder in the ditch and lifted him up into a man whose thought makes industry gainful and wealth more safe.
So far you have done a great deal.
Now what you want in addition is a literature that has a moral purpose,--that is, you want a pulpit.
In order to that, it must cover the whole sphere of intellectual life,--sanitary questions, social questions, health of the body, marriage, slavery, labor, the owning of land, temperance, the laws of society, the condition of woman, the nature of government, the responsibility to law, the right of a majority, how far a minority need to yield.
All these are the moral questions of our day,--not