of the new order 6f things made necessary to prevent the recurrence of their sin. It was not the blood of two peers and thirty commoners which England
shed after the rebellion of 1715, or that of five peers and twenty commoners after the rising of 1745, which crushed the House of Stuart
Though the fight had lasted only a few months, those blocks and gibbets gave Charles his only chance to recover.
But the confiscated lands of his adherents and the new political arrangement of the Highlands,--just, and recognized as such, because necessary,--these quenched his star forever.
Our Rebellion has lasted four years. Government has exchanged prisoners, and acknowledged its belligerent rights.
After that gibbets are out of the question.
A thousand men rule the Rebellion
, are the Rebellion
A thousand men!
We cannot hang them all; we cannot hang men in regiments.
What, cover the continent with gibbets!
We cannot sicken the nineteenth century with such a sight.
It would sink our civilization to the level of Southern barbarism.
It would forfeit our very right to supersede the Southern
system, which right is based on ours being better than theirs.
To make its corner-stone the gibbet would degrade us to the level of Davis
. The structure of government which bore the earthquake shook of 1861 with hardly a jar, and which now bears the assassination of its chief magistrate in this crisis of civil war with even lest disturbance, needs for its safety no such policy of vengeance ; its serene strength needs to use only so much severity as will fully guarantee security for the future.
Banish every one of these thousand rebel leaders,--every one of them,--on pain of death if they ever return!
[Loud applause.] Confiscate every dollar and acre they own. [Applause.] These steps the world and their followers, will see are necessary to kill the seeds of