This, of course, involves the right to sell his children, as if they were pigs; also, to take his wife from him “for any intent or purpose whatsoever.”
Your laws also make it death for him to resist a white man, however brutally he may be treated, or however much his family may be outraged before his eyes.
If he attempts to run away, your laws allow any man to shoot him.
By your laws, all a slave's earnings belong to his master.
He can neither receive donations nor transmit property.
If his master allows him some hours to work for himself, and by great energy and perseverance he earns enough to buy his own bones and sinews, his master may make him pay two or three times over, and he has no redress.
Three such cases have come within my own knowledge.
Even a written promise from his master has no legal value, because a slave can make no contracts.
Your laws also systematically aim at keeping the minds of the colored people in the most abject state of ignorance.
If white people attempt to teach them to read or write, they are punished by imprisonment or fines; if they attempt to teach each other, they are punished with from twenty to thirty-nine lashes each.
It cannot be said that the anti-slavery agitation produced such laws, for they date much farther back; many of them when we were Provinces.
They are the necessities
of the system, which, being itself an outrage upon human nature, can be sustained only by perpetual outrages.
The next reliable source of information is the advertisements in the Southern
In the North Carolina
(Raleigh) Standard, Mr. Micajah Ricks
advertises, “Runaway, a negro woman and two children.