whole duty of man” published at Oxford
in 1673 another volume called “The ladies' calling,” with a frontispiece representing a British matron sitting in a transverse ray of sunlight, and stretching a robust right arm upward after the crown of wisdom.
According to the titles of these books it would seem that men have their “whole duty” to perform as “men,” while women follow their “calling” as “ladies,” a distinction even more confusing than that of the stations on the American
railways, whose doors are sometimes tersely labelled “Men” and “Women,” while others bear in preference the more fastidious designation “Gentlemen” and “Ladies.”
It was not till 1797 that the Rev. Thomas Gisborne
, having already published his “Duties of men,” came out with a corresponding volume, “Duties of women,” which at once superseded all similar works, and instructed the women of England-leaving the “ladies” to take care of themselves — for fifty years, the fourteenth edition appearing in 1847, and I know not how many others since that day. Since his time men and women have so constantly worked together for the purpose of moral instruction, at least, that we almost forget that the joint phrase practically originated with St. Clement.
But it was the British
stage, after all, which took the hint more promptly than the Church
; and although