breaking and bending.
It is not many years since there prevailed in some parts of this country a method of discipline which would now be generally held barbarous even among the most conscientious parents.
It was held to be an essential part of a child's training that as soon as its will was developed up to a certain point, it should be as definitely and distinctly broken as you break a plant upon its stalk.
Instead of avoiding or postponing such a necessity, the parent fearlessly met the occasion, and was — for even the most rigorous parents were human-glad when it was over.
The child must definitely be taught submission on some specific occasion, for submission's sake; and this without reference to its state of health, to its nervous condition, or to the possibility of obtaining the same result without such a direct contest.
In fact, the direct contest was considered an advantage in itself; even if the way was clear to bending the will, that was not desirable — it must be broken.
Many persons now past middle age will recall