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[155] are looking out for external success, when they should be busy with the training that leads to it.

What success commonly stands for is this, that a writer has either done really good work-work excellent in itself-or else has done the kind of work that the public demands, good or bad. This last is a lower standard of success, of course, though it often brings greater pecuniary rewards; but it is a clear and definite thing, nevertheless, and needs as distinct a training as the other. In either case triumph usually follows merit, though often slowly. “There never was a good tongue,” says old Fuller, “that lacked ears to hear it.” “Excel and you will live” (excelle et tu vivras), says the prince of French aphorists, Joseph Joubert. There are grades in merit: it is merit to produce a work of genius; but there is also a great, though lower, merit in studying the taste of your time, watching its tendencies, and thereby producing just the work that is currently demanded-just what readers want and children cry for. This also needs labor and special preparation. The advice I should therefore give to every young person who asks me how to find a publisher, would be, if I dared — for we are all weak --“First produce something so good that no publisher can afford to do without it.”

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