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[244] teachers of all children. His views have prevailed. When he began his career, just half a century ago, two-fifths of the teachers in his own State were men, whereas we are told in the Fiftieth Report of the Massachusetts Board of Education, just issued, that there are now 8610 women to 1060 men-more than eight to one.

The objections usually made against these young women lie, first, as to their sex, which is, however, if Horace Mann's theory be correct, rather an advantage than a disadvantage. Then it is objected that they only teach temporarily, on their way to something else, while men would teach for life. This claim has been refuted over and over again by statistics taken in particular towns, and showing that women teachers are apt to remain actually longer than men who teach in the same grade of school; because men are more often won away by some more lucrative pursuit than are women by matrimony. Of course, if you give all the higher positions and all the higher salaries, as is still done, to men, you give to those holding these more advantageous posts greater inducements to remain permanently; but as between teachers of the same grade, which is the only fair comparison, these statistics hold. As a rule, women find no vocation more profitable than teaching; while men are more fortunate, and have many better openings. Women are therefore kept

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