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[252] great musical nation of the world is also the civilized nation where the relative intellectual position of woman is lowest, and where she shares least in the current educational advantages of all kinds. Among the eminent women above enumerated as pioneers in other intellectual spheres not one was German; we do not know that George Sand, or George Eliot, or Mrs. Browning, or Rosa Bonheur, or Rachel, or Mrs. Somerville, would ever have raised her head above the surrounding obstacles had she had the ill-luck to be born near the Rhine. Even in France there is no Salique Law in intellect; compare, for instance, the five ample volumes of Histoire Litteraire des Femnmes Francaises, published by a Societe de Gens de Lettres as early as 1769, with any similar work in German. Had England or France been a great musical nation, the opportunities of women in this respect would have been far greater than they are to-day.

It is a comfort to know that, even in Germany, if women have not composed great music in their own names, they have at least, so to speak, composed the composers-through their influence on them-and thus fulfilled what Cotton Mather thought the high function of the president of a university-to train those who were to train others--non lapides dolare, sed architectos. Thus Beethoven, who never married, but was twice rejected, dedicated thirtynine

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