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The story of this remarkable case cannot be pursued here except in brief. It has been fully related in easily1 accessible works, and from this point Mr. Garrison's connection with the progress of events ceased from force of circumstances. It will be enough to say that the struggle between the modest and heroic young Quaker woman2 and the town lasted for nearly two years; that the school was opened in April; that attempts were immediately made under the law to frighten the pupils away and to fine Miss Crandall for harboring them; that in May an act prohibiting private schools for non-resident colored persons, and providing for the expulsion of the latter, was procured from the Legislature, amid the greatest rejoicing in Canterbury (even to the ringing of church bells);3 that, under this act, Miss Crandall was in June arrested and temporarily imprisoned in the county jail, twice tried (August and October), and convicted; that her case was carried up to the Supreme Court of Errors, and her persecutors defeated on a technicality (July, 1834), and that pending this litigation the most vindictive and inhuman measures were taken to isolate the school from the countenance and even the physical support of4 the townspeople. The shops and the meeting-house were closed against teacher and pupils;5 carriage in the public conveyances was denied them; physicians would not wait upon them; Miss Crandall's own family and friends were forbidden under penalty of heavy fines to visit her; the well was filled with manure, and water from other sources refused; the house itself was smeared with filth, assailed with rotten eggs and stones, and finally set on fire.

1 May's Recollections, pp. 39-72; Oasis, p. 180; Life of A. Tappan, pp. 152-158; Larned's Windham County, 2.490-502; Report of Arguments of Counsel, etc.; Fruits of Colonizationism; Providence Bulletin, Dec. 30, 1880, Jan. 22, 1881; Abdy's Journal of Residence in U. S., 1.194-213; Jay's Inquiry, pp. 30-41.

2 ‘Unequalled woman in this servile age,’ Mr. Garrison calls her, in an acrostic ‘addressed to her who is the ornament of her sex’ (Lib. 4.47). Miss Crandall was his senior by two years. August 12, 1834, she married the Rev. Calvin Philleo, a Baptist clergyman of Ithaca, N. Y., and removed to Illinois. After his death in 1874 she removed with her brother Hezekiah to Southern Kansas. She retains (1885) her vigor of mind and interest in the colored race to a remarkable degree.

3 This act was repealed in May, 1838 (Lib. 8.91).

4 Lib. 3.99, 107, 114, 130, 151, 175.

5 ‘Not a shop in the village will sell her a morsel of food’ (Ms. Aug. 30, 1833, Henry Benson to W. L. G.)

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