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[328] mother country and their unexpected allies. The subsequent formation of a society in the United States for immediate emancipation was still more cheering: ‘I did indeed feel it as a cordial to my heart,’ wrote James1 Cropper to Arnold Buffum in August, 1832. Meantime Elliott Cresson's activity among the wealthy and philanthropic denomination of which Cropper was so admirable a representative, was practically unchecked, though his unscrupulousness had been discovered. He lost no time2 after his arrival out3 in visiting Wilberforce, whom he failed to convince of the practicability of transporting the blacks to Liberia; and the blind Clarkson, whom he deceived by the most outrageous fictions in regard to the emancipatory intentions and influence of the Society, and committed to a guarded approval of it in terms4 which nevertheless betrayed the misrepresentations to which the writer had been subjected. Transmitted by Cresson to the home organ, the endorsement was seen to be fatal to the Society's standing at the South, so that to publish it honestly would have been suicidal. It was therefore suppressed, and a garbled version ultimately substituted,5 which compares as follows with the original:

Clarkson to E. Cresson, December 1, 1831.

This Society seems to me to6 have two objects in view— first, to assist in the emancipation of all the slaves now in the United States; and, secondly, by sending these to Africa, to do away the slave-trade, and promote civilization among the natives there.


African Repository, November, 1832.

He [Clarkson] considers the object of the Society two-fold: first, to promote the voluntary Emigra-Tion to Africa of the colored population of the United States; and second, the suppression of the slave-trade, and the civilization of the African tribes.


1 Lib. 3.7.

2 Clarkson's Strictures on Life of Wilberforce, and Wilberforce's letter to Clarkson, Oct. 10, 1831.

3 In the summer of 1831. (See African Repository for November; also, Harriet Martineau's “Autobiography,” 1.149.)

4 Lib. 3.189.

5 Gurley's explanation of this baseness may be found in Lib. 3.119, and should be consulted.

6 Lib. 3.178.

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