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[381] pulpits1 on the very day the Hannibal cast anchor in New York harbor, and the Courier and Enquirer at once associated it with his arrival. The notorious Garrison has returned; the ‘friends of immediate emancipation’ are summoned to meet together. ‘What, then, is to be2 done? Are we tamely to look on, and see this most dangerous species of fanaticism extending itself through society? . . . Or shall we, by promptly and fearlessly crushing this many-headed Hydra in the bud, expose the weakness as well as the folly, madness, and mischief of these bold and dangerous men?’ Everybody, continued the editor, favors immediate emancipation with compensation, and accordingly he recommended the mob to accept the invitation to attend at Clinton Hall, that same evening (October 2), and to join in the calm and temperate discussion of the different propositions. A communication to the same paper from the ‘Ghost of Peter the Hermit’ predicted slaughter as the result of the antislavery crusade, ‘if you listen to my voice now, and to the solicitations of the pacific Garrison. He will undoubtedly have great weight with you from having abused and maligned your country with such patriotic ardor abroad! He comes in the flush of triumph, and with the flatteries still on his ear of those who wish not well to your country.’ Similar incentives were employed by the Standard of the same date: ‘In this matter we3 have a duty to perform, not to ourselves alone, but to our brethren of the South. . . . We are not astonished at the excitement which the acts of Garrison and his friends have produced in this community. . . . Let the people look to it.’ Meantime, placards were posted about the city bearing the following significant

Notice to all persons from the South.4

All persons interested in the subject of a meeting called by J. Leavitt, W. Green, Jr., W. Goodell, J. Rankin, Lewis Tappan,


1 Not from all: some refused (Lib. 3.162).

2 Lib. 3.161.

3 Lib. 3.161.

4 Lib. 3.161.

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