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[441] Constitution in its methods and scope, even if among them there happened to be some of foreign birth. Finally, though a blind and wicked Americanism doubtless heightened the fury of the mobs to which both Stuart and Thompson were exposed, their treatment was not different in kind from that of the native abolitionists,1 and the want of ‘equanimity’ was as much an evidence of ‘national spirit’ in the case of the latter as of the former.

But let us see how a great people should have regarded the case of another foreigner, the Rev. Charles Follen, a fugitive from the tyranny of the Old World, at this time Professor of the German Language and Literature at Harvard College.2 Dr. Follen had first openly allied himself with the abolitionists at the second annual meeting of the New England Anti-Slavery Society in March,3 1834, where he made a speech in fullest sympathy with their aims, while deprecating the use of ‘harsh language.’ In May following, he participated in the important convention of delegates from all the anti-slavery organizations in New England held at Boston, being one4 of the committee of arrangements, and also chairman of a committee to prepare an address to the people of New England. In the latter capacity he composed a long,5 able and temperate document, towards the close of which occurs the oft-quoted passage:

Europe, which had rekindled the extinguished lamp of6 liberty at the altar of our Revolution, still nourishes the holy fire; England goes before us as a torch-bearer, leading the way to the liberation of mankind. The despotism which our forefathers could not bear in their native country is expiring, and the sword of justice, in her reformed hands, has applied its exterminating edge to slavery. Shall the United States, the free United States, which could not bear the bonds of a King,

1 Lib. 5.205.

2 It is not irrelevant to notice here that the same ship which brought over Lafayette on his last visit to this country, also bore Follen hither shortly afterwards, and that Lafayette was the first person to whom Follen wrote on his arrival, as being the only person he knew in this country ( “Life of Follen,” p. 139).

3 Lib. 4.42.

4 Lib. 4.86.

5 Lib. 4.141-143.

6 Lib. 4.143.

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