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[447] Colonizationists, who had held a counter meeting in palliation of slavery, kept aloof till a pretext for interfering was furnished by the unfavorable testimony of a returned colonist as to the condition of Liberia. The last two days, at the Chapel, were marked by interruptions, and at the close on Saturday afternoon the hall was seized by Gurley, the Rev. G. W. Bethune, a Methodist bishop from Virginia and others, for a colonizationist demonstration. ‘Some of the ruffians bawled1 out for Garrison,’ but he ‘was out of their murderous reach.’ This was far from satisfying the Courier and2 Enquirer, which warned the abolitionists never to meet again in New York.

Disregarding this prohibition, the abolitionists of that city reassembled on the 4th of July at the Chapel,3 with David Paul Brown, of Philadelphia, as the orator of the day. ‘Hundreds of young men, who sat near4 the doors,’ drowned his voice with derisive cheers and completely prevented a hearing. Their triumph was the beginning of an era of lawlessness which, fanned by the Courier and Enquirer, and first directed against the black population, was speedily turned against their friends. Lewis Tappan's house was gutted (July 9),5 Arthur Tappan's store attacked (July 10), and only saved by armed defence from within, various private residences and several churches and schools more or less damaged, the colored people barbarously assaulted on the streets and in their homes; and not until the third day of mob rule did the civil and military authorities succeed in restoring security not only to the victims of the outbreak, but to all the ‘respectable’ and moneyed classes, whose indifference to ‘nigger’ persecution was changed into the liveliest alarm concerning their own safety. After this, through July and August, we read of proslavery riots or attempts in New Jersey, Pennsylvania(a6 terrific three days raid on the colored quarter in Philadelphia, among smaller disturbances), Ohio, Connecticut (the coup de grace to Miss Crandall's school), yes, in

1 Lib. 4.79.

2 Lib. 4.85.

3 Lib. 4.110.

4 Life of Arthur Tappan, p. 204.

5 Ibid., pp. 209-224; Lib. 4.111, 114; Niles' Register, 46.357-360.

6 Lib. 4.115, 133, 134, 136, 139, 147, 151, 156; Niles' Register, 46.413, 435.

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