calculated to draw off from the bold and specific 1
agitation of the abolitionists such of their number as deplored the separation from colonization philanthropy.
After several months of incubation and many announcements in the Boston Recorder
, on Christmas Day, 1834, a call was2
issued through that journal for a convention to form an American Union for the Relief
and Improvement of the Colored Race
, to be held in Boston
on January 14, 1835.
Among the eight signers were Joseph Tracy
and two other editors of the Recorder
Its postulate was: ‘The3
system of slavery is wrong, and ought to be abandoned with the least possible delay.’
Since not only ‘abolitionists’ but ‘Garrisonites’ could subscribe to this, the4
invitation was modified in season so as expressly to except from it those who did not believe a new organization needed to exert ‘a kind moral influence upon the5
The Congregational clergymen who were managing the convention were certainly displeased and embarrassed, but could hardly have been surprised, by the appearance6
of the Garrisonites asking to be enrolled as members under the original call.
However, they promptly voted that organization should proceed under the second call; rebuked Mr. Thompson
for his impertinence in obtruding himself upon the meeting; refused to allow any opponent of the proposed organization to be heard;7
and dodged the question formally presented by Amos A. Phelps
, Cyrus P. Grosvenor
, George Thompson
, Joshua V. Himes
, Ellis Gray Loring
, and Mr. Garrison
, whether the organization differed in principle from the existing anti-slavery organizations, or was merely additional and cooperative.
They ended by adopting a cut-and-dried constitution, after a debate in which motions to substitute ‘sin’ for ‘wrong’ in describing slavery, and ‘universally and immediately’ for ‘with the least possible delay’ in urging that slavery be ‘abandoned,’ were