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[469] calculated to draw off from the bold and specific 1 agitation of the abolitionists such of their number as deplored the separation from colonization philanthropy. After several months of incubation and many announcements in the Boston Recorder, on Christmas Day, 1834, a call was2 issued through that journal for a convention to form an American Union for the Relief and Improvement of the Colored Race, to be held in Boston on January 14, 1835. Among the eight signers were Joseph Tracy and two other editors of the Recorder. Its postulate was: ‘The3 system of slavery is wrong, and ought to be abandoned with the least possible delay.’ Since not only ‘abolitionists’ but ‘Garrisonites’ could subscribe to this, the4 invitation was modified in season so as expressly to except from it those who did not believe a new organization needed to exert ‘a kind moral influence upon the5 community.’

The Congregational clergymen who were managing the convention were certainly displeased and embarrassed, but could hardly have been surprised, by the appearance6 of the Garrisonites asking to be enrolled as members under the original call. However, they promptly voted that organization should proceed under the second call; rebuked Mr. Thompson for his impertinence in obtruding himself upon the meeting; refused to allow any opponent of the proposed organization to be heard;7 and dodged the question formally presented by Amos A. Phelps, Cyrus P. Grosvenor, George Thompson, Joshua V. Himes, Ellis Gray Loring, and Mr. Garrison, whether the organization differed in principle from the existing anti-slavery organizations, or was merely additional and cooperative. They ended by adopting a cut-and-dried constitution, after a debate in which motions to substitute ‘sin’ for ‘wrong’ in describing slavery, and ‘universally and immediately’ for ‘with the least possible delay’ in urging that slavery be ‘abandoned,’ were

1 Lib. 7.150.

2 Lib. 5.3.

3 Lib. 5.3.

4 Lib. 5.7, 11.

5 Lib. 5.7.

6 Lib. 5.16.

7 The Rev. J. S. C. Abbott had the fairness to propose that this courtesy should be granted.

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