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‘ [475] “Anti-slavery,” because they do not wish to identify themselves with “Garrison and his imprudences.” ’ So the renascent organization took the harmless name of the ‘African's Friend Society,’ calculated, like that of the American Union, to exert ‘a kind, moral influence on the community.’ Then Prof. Moses Stuart advised that the Colonization committee be dissolved, and cautioned the students against excitement on the subject of slavery, and above all not to ‘pray about it publicly.’ Thus the peace of the graveyard was secured in the Theological Seminary at Andover.1

The American Union had both miscalculated the extent of the dissension among the abolitionists, and failed from sheer dishonesty to take advantage of that which actually existed. For, however unconsciously to Mr. Garrison, Northern sentiment, whether abolitionist or not, was gradually dividing itself into Garrisonite and anti-Garrisonite; and towards the latter class were surely gravitating the pietistic, theological and sectarian elements of society. Circumstances about to be described made the condition of the American churches the next great concern of the abolitionists, and consequently the subject of the Liberator's most uncompromising censure. All denominations were on the eve of throwing off the mask as apologists for the slave system, and of covering their guilt by exciting anew against Mr. Garrison the odium theologicum already incurred by his exposure of the colonization hypocrisy. The result could but confirm the fears of those genuine abolitionists who had been disturbed by his ‘unchristian’ mode of denunciation, and effectuate the breach for which the American Union had not sufficed. The unscrupulous and malignant misrepresentations of his enemies were practically

1 The neighboring institution of Phillips Academy underwent a similar experience; but fifty students, though nearly all professors of religion and studying for the ministry, were less subservient than those of the divinity school. Forbidden to organize among themselves, they joined a village A. S. society, and, disobeying an ex-post-facto regulation of the Faculty, were virtually expelled (Lib. 5.122, 130).

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William Lloyd Garrison (3)
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