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[486] North. Virginia, said the committee making the skilfully worded report which formed the business of the meeting, had taken no notice of the abolition associations so long as they seemed feeble and ineffectual. Now, they had grown strong, with a more perfect organization, and, having presses of their own, were sowing their doctrines broadcast, and sending their inflammatory publications to the Southern States ‘for the undisguised purpose of producing by fraud or by force the immediate emancipation of our slaves.’ The meeting conjured the North to repress them ‘by strong yet lawful, by mild yet constitutional means’; by new laws if those existing were insufficient. The South had a constitutional right to its slave property in the States, the Territories, and the District of Columbia. And since the abolition of slavery anywhere, or the regulation of the inter-State slave trade, would be in violation of the Compact and destructive of the Government, the only way to preserve the Union was by the suppression of the abolitionists. The Postmaster-General was invoked to prevent transmission, through mail-delivery, of ‘all printed papers suspected of a tendency to produce or encourage an insubordinate and insurrectionary spirit among the slaves of the South.’ The resolutions closed with an affirmation of belief that the North shared the Southern indignation against ‘deluded fanatics.’ Will it show its sympathy, asked the Richmond Whig, by works as well as by words?1

Nowhere was this question more seriously pondered than in Boston, where the Atlas at once called for a2

1 At a meeting held on August 22, 1835, at Gloucester Court-house, Va., John Tyler, then a Senator of the United States, held up a copy of the A. S. Record, which had been sent him through the mail. ‘Here,’ said he. ‘is a picture upon the external covering designed to represent each of you, gentlemen. A scourge is in your hand, and three victims bound and kneeling at your feet. You are represented as demons in the shape of men; and by way of contrast here stands Arthur Tappan, Mr. Somebody Garrison, or Mr. Foreigner Thompson, patting the greasy little fellows on their cheeks, and giving them most lovely kisses. They are the exclusive philanthropists —the only lovers of the human race—the only legitimate defenders of the religion of Christ’ ( “Letters and Times of the Tylers,” 1.576).

2 Lib. 5.130.

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