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[487] meeting in the same Faneuil Hall that had been denied the abolitionists, and urged that Webster, Otis, Adams, Story, Sprague, Austin, Choate, and Everett should ‘vindicate the fair fame of our city.’ One thus invited to declare his sentiments against men accused of preparing a civil and servile war in the name of philanthropy, John Quincy Adams, wrote as follows in his diary:

August 11, 1835.

The theory of the rights of man has taken1 deep root in the soil of civil society. . . . Anti-slavery associations are formed in this country and in England, and they are already co-operating in concerted agency together. They have raised funds to support and circulate inflammatory newspapers and pamphlets gratuitously, and they send multitudes of them into the Southern country, into the midst of swarms of slaves. There is an Englishman, by the name of Thompson, lately come over from England, who is travelling about the country, holding meetings and making eloquent inflammatory harangues, preaching the immediate abolition of slavery. The general disposition of the people here is averse to these movements, and Thompson has several times been routed by popular tumults. But in some places he meets favorable reception, and makes converts. . . . There are now calls in the Atlas (the Webster paper) and the Morning Post (the Jackson and Van Buren paper) for a town-meeting to put down the abolitionists; but the disease is deeper than can be healed by town-meeting resolutions.

August 12.

Mr. Abbott Lawrence told me that they were going to have a very great meeting at Boston to put down the anti-slavery abolitionists; but, he said, there was no diversity of opinion upon that subject here. That, I think, will depend upon the measures to be proposed. If the measures are vaporing resolutions, they will pass unanimously and be inefficient. If the measures are efficient, there will be diversity of opinion.

August 18.

There is something extraordinary in the present condition of parties throughout the Union. Slavery and democracy—especially the democracy founded, as ours is, upon the rights of man—would seem to be incompatible with each other. And yet at this time the democracy of the country is supported chiefly if not entirely by slavery. There is a small, shallow, and enthusiastic party preaching the abolition of slavery upon the principles of extreme democracy; but the

1 Memoirs, 9.251.

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