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[495] Charleston1 obtainable gratuitously at the Anti-Slavery2 Rooms; above all, with full knowledge of the spirit of violence anxious to be loosed against the abolitionists in the midst of them, the social, political, religious and intellectual élite of Boston3 filled Faneuil Hall on the afternoon of Friday, August 21—Mayor Theodore Lyman, Jr.,4 being in the chair, and Abbott Lawrence a vice-president—to draw up an indictment against their fellow-citizens. The preliminary resolutions confessed5 Boston's eagerness to lead in bowing to the Southern demand for a general Northern manifesto against the abolitionists; belittled the number of the agitators; accused them of wishing to ‘scatter among our Southern brethren firebrands, arrows, and death,’ and of attempting to force abolition by appeals to the terror of the masters and the passions of the slaves; and denounced with ‘indignation and disgust the intrusion upon our domestic relations of alien emissaries sustained by the funds of a foreign people.’ They pledged the meeting to support with all its might constitutional laws applicable to overt acts growing out of measures ‘the natural and direct tendency of which is to excite the slaves of the South to revolt, or of spreading [sic] among them a spirit of insubordination.’ At the same time, they deprecated all riotous or violent proceedings. For the rest, the proslavery compromises of 1789, the solemn obligation of the Constitutional compact, and the necessity of depriving

1 They had been addressed only to respectable free citizens at the South (Lib. 5.135).

2 Lib. 5.135.

3 The call for the meeting had 1500 signatures, filling one and a half solid columns of fine print in the Daily Advertiser. Among the signers were some who were abolitionists by nature, and presently became so in name and generous deed. We need only mention Samuel May, uncle of S. J. May, and Charles F. Hovey.

4 Mr. Lyman was born Feb. 22, 1792, and graduated at Harvard College in 1810. His interest in the State militia secured him the rank of Brigadier-General, and the customary title of General. He was mayor of Boston for the years 1834-35, and died in 1849. His relation to the abolitionists, as about to be described, was typical of that of the best citizens, among whom for humanity and public spirit Mr. Lyman was justly held in the highest esteem.

5 Lib. 5.139, 141, 144.

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