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[63] and signers of the Declaration, Adams and Jefferson, on the anniversary day, made a profound impression upon the country. The Free Press, like other papers, devoted much space to particulars of the event, biographical sketches, anecdotes and reminiscences of the deceased statesmen, and copious extracts from the eulogies pronounced by Webster, Cushing, and Peleg Sprague; but the editor, while paying tribute to the abilities, virtues, and public services of the two men, refrained from indiscriminate eulogy, and even took his late master to task for virtually canonizing, in the columns of the Herald, the man (Jefferson) whom he had formerly abhorred and denounced as the ‘Great Lama of Infidelity,’ to which charge of inconsistency Mr. Allen felt obliged to make a long reply in self-defence. Commenting on the labored panegyrics—some of them ‘disgusting, irreverent, and puerile, and all of them inflated and reprehensible,’ the Free Press said:
‘God has not gifted us with eloquence,—we therefore cannot eulogize: we have neither flattery, nor falsehood, nor hypocrisy, to bedaub the grave of either of these men. We love honesty too well to sacrifice it lightly, and must candidly confess that merely old age does not with us, as with many others, alter the deeds of manhood, or gild the errors of prejudice. From Mr. Jefferson's political sentiments we have ever differed; but his proud talents could not but command our admiration. Mr. Adams, perhaps, was the greater statesman —Mr. Jefferson, the better philosopher. The former had more caution—the latter more stability. The former was fickle to his friends—the latter firm and unchanging in his attachment. The former ruined his party by his weakness—the latter built up his own by his colossal strength. . . . Both doubtless were friends to their country—both erred—and both helped to advance the national character. . . . Let us be sparing of our panegyrics, recollecting that indiscriminate praise of the dead is often more injurious than the coarsest obloquy.’

The struggle for independence then going on in Greece excited wide interest and sympathy in the United States,1 and the reports from Dr. Howe and other Americans who

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