previous next

Pointing to the fact that the Colonization Society had transported only thirteen hundred emigrants to Liberia in thirteen years, while the slave population had increased half a million during the same period, he added:

‘And yet, such is the colonization mania, such the implicit1 confidence reposed in the operations of the Society, that no demonstration of its inefficiency, however palpable, can shake the faith of its advocates. . . . My complaint is, that its ability is overrated to a disastrous extent; that this delusion is perpetuated by the conduct and assurances of those who ought to act better—the members of the Society. I complain, moreover, that the lips of these members are sealed up on the subject of slavery, who, from their high standing and extensive influence, ought to expose its flagrant enormities, and actively assist in its overthrow.’

In the condition of the free colored people, who were despised and persecuted in the Northern cities no less than in the Southern,2 the editors of the Genius naturally took a deep interest, urging the establishment of schools and the formation of temperance societies among them;3 and Mr. Garrison wrote thus in their vindication:

‘There is a prevalent disposition among all classes to traduce4 the habits and morals of our free blacks. The most scandalous exaggerations in regard to their condition are circulated by a thousand mischievous tongues, and no reproach seems to them too deep or unmerited. Vile and malignant indeed is this practice, and culpable are they who follow it. We do not pretend to say that crime, intemperance and suffering, to a considerable ’

1 G. U. E., Mar. 5, 1830, p. 202.

2 So bitter was the feeling against them in Cincinnati, in 1829, that the local authorities enacted certain oppressive regulations with the avowed purpose of driving them from the city. The result was a furious riot lasting three days—during which the persons, homes and property of the blacks were at the mercy of the mob—and the final flight of more than a thousand of them to Canada. (See Wilson's “Rise and fall of the slave power in America,” 1.365.)

3 The labors of the Rev. Simeon S. Jocelyn among the colored people of New Haven were deservedly praised and commended as an example of what should be done in other places. Jacob C. Greener established a school for orphan and indigent children in Baltimore, and a colored temperance society was also formed there. The erection of a college, on the manuallabor system, was proposed privately, though no reference to it appears in the Genius (Lib. 1.111).

4 Ibid.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Liberia (Liberia) (1)
Canada (Canada) (1)
Baltimore, Md. (Maryland, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Wilson (1)
Lib (1)
Simeon S. Jocelyn (1)
Jacob C. Greener (1)
William Lloyd Garrison (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1830 AD (1)
1829 AD (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: