‘appropriately located at the seat of the National1
Government,’ indicated on the left side by the Capitol
in the distance, ‘with the American
flag (on which is conspicuous the word liberty) floating on the breeze,’ and a whipping-post in front at which a bound slave is being flogged.
On the right and in the immediate foreground is a group in which a single beast answers to the sign ‘Horse Market,’ and to the placard on the auctioneer's pulpit, ‘Slaves, horses and other cattle to be sold at 12 o'c.,’ while a sorrowing family of slaves about to be separated, ‘a purchaser examining a negro as a butcher would an ox,’ and sundry bidders, complete the picture —or all but complete it, for ‘down in the dust our Indian Treaties are seen.’
This design has every appearance of having originated with the editor, whose sense of pictorial effect was ever very keen.2
Re-drawn and elaborated in after years to meet the expansion of the paper, it remained at the head, as Mr. Garrison
remained at the helm, until slavery and the Liberator
were no more.
‘I have heard,’ wrote a resident of Georgia
, ‘many 3
comments upon your paper by the slaveholders who have seen it. Your engraving in the title is galling to them, and often elicits a deep and bitter curse.’
They saw in it not what it was meant to be, an appeal to the Northern
conscience, but an instigation to servile insurrection.
‘For what purpose,’ asked Senator Benton
of a similar issue ‘from the abolition mint,’ ‘could such a picture be intended unless to inflame the passions of slaves?’—as if it could sink deeper into their consciousness than the lash itself!5
And in this latter year Mr. Calhoun
's unsuccessful bill to guard the South
from anti-slavery propagandism made it a penal offence for