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‘ [238] wishes these filthy wretches to understand that the tax is promptly refunded at the Post-office, and that their maledictions only confirm him in his purpose.’

Nor was the Northern spirit less murderous. A letter1 from Lowell, signed ‘Revenge,’ promised assassination by poison or the dagger if the ‘infamous Liberator’ should be published one month longer.2 This information, commented Mr. Garrison, ‘afflicts us less than the postage—six cents.’

Meantime, editors of respectable papers began to3 invoke mob violence, euphemistically called ‘an exertion of public opinion,’ in Boston. The Washington Na-4 tional Intelligencer copied from the Tarboroa (N. C.) Free Press (!) a letter addressed to the postmaster of that town, charging Mr. Garrison with publishing an ‘incendiary paper,’ ‘with the avowed purpose of inciting rebellion in the South,’ and circulating it through ‘secret agents’ disguised as peddlers, for whom ‘barbecuing’ —that is, roasting alive—was recommended if caught. The Intelligencer, with no word of disapproval, repeated the allegation that the Liberator was designed to lead to ‘precisely such results as the Southampton Tragedy,’ and called upon the Mayor of Boston5 to find some law to stop the publication of such ‘diabolical papers.’ ‘The crime is as great as that of poisoning the waters of life to a whole community.’ ‘We know nothing of the man: we desire not to have him unlawfully dealt with: we can even conceive of his motive being good in his own opinion,’—but the citizens of Boston are urged to step forward and ‘vindicate the cause of humanity, as it is outraged by the publication to which we refer.’ Mr. Garrison in vain sought a hearing in self-defence in the columns of Messrs. Gales and Seaton:6 ‘You have (I7

1 Lib. 1.171.

2 This letter has by chance been preserved.

3 Niles' Register, 41.66.

4 Lib. 1.161.

5 Harrison Gray Otis, the third incumbent of the office (succeeding Josiah Quincy), 1829-31.

6 ‘The one an English cockney, with little to recommend him but his inflated vanity, and the other a sprig of the negro aristocracy of North Carolina’ (Lundy, Genius, October, 1831).

7 Lib. 1.165.

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