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[255] saw the prohibition of intermarriage readily abandoned by the House, although the bill was finally rejected on other grounds, and without reference to the1 preposterous objection raised in the press that ‘we have no right [by sanctioning intermarriage in Massachusetts] to interfere with the internal regulations of other States’!

The Liberator speedily became the mouthpiece of the more intelligent colored people. They contributed to its columns praise of the editor's opposition to colonization, comments upon passing events, reports of their meetings, literary essays.2 They received in return from Mr. Garrison courteous consideration without patronage, reiterated asseverations of the encouragement which their approval gave him (‘outweighing mountains of abuse3 from other sources’), and the most practical advice. To obtain the peaceful recognition of their rights they should respect themselves, for their good example must break many fetters: their temperance, industry, peaceableness and piety would prove the safety of emancipation. They should be better than white men—a not difficult task. They should put their children to school and get as much education as possible themselves. They should form societies for moral improvement, and ‘let the women have theirs—no cause can get along without the powerful aid of women's influence.’ They should put aside jealousies, support each other in trade-dealings, and maintain an organization manifested by an annual national convention in some great city. Superior to revenge, they should maintain their rights in all cases and at whatever expense, raising a fund to carry to the Supreme Court cases of unconstitutional oppression,— such as disfranchisement without exemption from taxation,4

1 Lib. 1.43, 47, [93].

2 ‘I am much pleased,’ writes James Forten (Ms., March 21, 1831) from Philadelphia, ‘to see how all the people of color, subscribers to the Libcrator, speak in praise of it. It has roused up a spirit in our young people that had been slumbering for years, and we shall produce writers able to vindicate our cause.’ Mr. Forten's own children, as well as himself, wrote frequently for the paper.

3 Lib. 1.43.

4 When,

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