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‘ [269] slaves so cruelly treated as his.’1 Abhorring war, he declared his belief that ‘every man who kills another, either in a duel or battle, is, in the eye of God, guilty of his blood.’ He had scruples, over and above the prior claims of the slaves, against publishing an appeal to raise money in aid of the revolted Poles: ‘Ours is2 the patriotism of Jesus Christ, not of this world. We justify no war. The victories of liberty should be bloodless, and effected solely by spiritual weapons. If we deemed it pleasing in the sight of God to kill tyrants, we would immediately put ourselves at the head of a black army at the South, and scatter devastation and death on every side.’ For, ‘surely if a man can be justified in3 fighting for a foreign people—the Greeks and Poles, for example—how much more can he be justified in fighting for his own brethren! Yet I am for leaving vengeance to God.’ Nevertheless, when, as in Hayti, ‘the battle4 for liberty is begun, we pray that the injured party may in all cases be victorious.’ Not yet had Mr. Garrison carried his peace doctrine so far as to disfranchise5 himself rather than, by voting, to sustain a government resting on force. Capital punishment he naturally6 held to be ‘unauthorized.’ The penitentiary ‘should7 become a place of just yet merciful correction, and of the means of moral reform.’ We see him attending a public meeting in Faneuil Hall, presided over by Mayor Otis, and addressed by the Rev. John Pierpont,8 for the abolishment of imprisonment for debt; and9 leaving it with a poem10 running in his head ‘to illustrate the barbarity of a system which, as far as it goes, is scarcely surpassed by African slavery’—the difference being that the people had the remedy in their11 own hands.

1 At the Rev. Moses Thacher's lectures on Intemperance in Park-Street Church, in August, Mr. Garrison ‘joined most heartily in the anathema’ pronounced on ‘the use of tobacco, either in chewing, smoking, or snuffing’ (Lib. 1: 135).

2 Lib. 1.75.

3 Lib. 1.113.

4 Lib. 1.127.

5 Lib. 1.55, 71.

6 Lib. 1.63.

7 Lib. 1.7.

8 Lib. 1.23.

9 Lib. 1.28.

10 ‘The Poor Debtor’; poetically estimated, not above the mediocrity of occasional verse.

11 Lib. 1.6.

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