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[270]

It was both as an abolitionist and as a Christian that Mr. Garrison reported with indignation the successive1 details of the brutal treatment of the white missionaries among the Cherokees, who had been ordered by the State2 of Georgia to leave a Territory over which it had no jurisdiction—arrested—chained like runaway slaves to the horses of their guards—and imprisoned at hard labor for four years. But he could ask, on reading the comments of the religious press, North and South, ‘Has the “madman” Garrison ever committed himself in the use of stronger invective against the oppressors of the slaves than appears in the following language? His insanity is really growing contagious, and fanatics are multiplying on every side!’ With the Cherokees themselves, of course, in their hopeless struggle with a rapacious oligarchy, he was no less in sympathy than with the missionaries.3 Charity for the Indians was then and has ever since been a conspicuous element of Boston philanthropy. When John Ridge, the Cherokee chief, came to that city in March, 1832, to present the grievances of his people, the Old South was thrown open to him, Leverett Saltonstall spoke from the same pulpit, and Mr. Pickering4 announced the latest intelligence, that the Supreme Court had decided the law under which the 5 missionaries had been imprisoned to be unconstitutional— news which Mr. Garrison, as an eye-witness, says was ‘received with the most enthusiastic applause. Indeed,6 it may safely be affirmed that no event since the organization of the government, except perhaps the treaty of peace, has created a livelier sensation of joy in7 Boston and its vicinity than this decision of the Supreme Court.’ But joy was soon drowned by Georgia's

1 Niles' Register, Aug. 27, 1831, p. 460.

2 Lib. 1.112, 127, 167.

3 See, again, the trampled Indian treaties in the pictorial heading of the Liberator.

4 John, son of Colonel Timothy Pickering, and an eminent lawyer and scholar, then the city solicitor. In 1836 he published “Remarks on the Indian Languages of North America.”

5 Niles' Register, 42.25, 40.

6 Lib. 2.39.

7 1815.

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