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[271] nullification of the decision, with President Jackson's tacit approval.1

Mr. Garrison's anti-masonic views had undergone no change: he was still ‘utterly and irreconcilably opposed2 to the institution of masonry.’ But he had a ready touchstone for pro-slavery anti-masons who prated of the anti-republican tendencies of secret orders. For himself he needed neither signs nor grips to recognize the claims of a fellow-being in distress: his countrymen were mankind, his philanthropy could not be less broad. His patriotism was yet real and intense; his love of his native New England ingrained. ‘Tyrants and slaves3 may exist at the South, but they are unknown in New England. . . .‘Doughfaces’ we have among us, and men lost to every honorable feeling—time-servers, apologists, traitors, and cowards; but think not,’ he warns the editors of the National Intelligencer, ‘that the great body of the descendants of the Pilgrims sanction Southern oppression.’ The abuse of a South Carolina journal he meets by holding up the editor as ‘a renegade4 from New England, who also advocates the rebellious doctrine of nullification.’ When informed that ‘the late Judge Lowell,5 who was born in Newburyport, was the first individual in Massachusetts who freed a slave,’ ‘this fact,’ he says, speaking both for himself and for his partner, ‘is peculiarly gratifying to us, being 6 ourselves natives of the same place.’

1 ‘One Indian hanged, some missionaries imprisoned, the writ of the Supreme Court disregarded, the Indians removed: and the political and pseudo-philanthropic intermeddlers left to the reflection of having done much mischief, in assuming to become the defenders and guardians of a race which the humanity of our laws and people were treating with parental kindness’ (Boston, Thirty years view, 1: 166).

2 Lib. 1.83.

3 Lib. 1.165.

4 Lib. 1.9.

5 John Lowell, the grandfather of the poet. This humane jurist, a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1780, is the reputed author of the clause in the Massachusetts Bill of Rights—‘All men are born free and equal,’ etc.—which was designed to abolish slavery, and did in fact; and he offered his services gratuitously to any slave wishing to claim his freedom under it.

6 Lib. 1.21.

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