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[280] The twelve persons, all white, who accepted the preamble and affixed their names, were William Lloyd Garrison. Oliver Johnson, Robert B. Hall, Arnold Buffum, William J. Snelling, John E. Fuller, Moses Thacher, Joshua Coffin, Stillman B. Newcomb, Benjamin C. Bacon, Isaac Knapp, and Henry K. Stockton1—not more than one or two of whom, says Mr. Johnson, ‘could have put a hundred dollars into the treasury without bankrupting themselves,’ whereas two at least of those not in perfect accord with them had hitherto been the pecuniary mainstay of the Liberator. What, however, must have seemed most discouraging to Mr. Garrison was his failure, after a year of argument in public and in private, to convince his truest and most necessary friends of the high expediency of immediatism. Nevertheless, ‘as the little2 company . . . were stepping out into the storm and darkness from the African school-house where their work was accomplished, Mr. Garrison impressively remarked: “We have met to-night in this obscure school-house; our numbers are few and our influence limited; but, mark my prediction, Faneuil Hall shall ere long echo with the principles we have set forth. We shall shake the Nation by their mighty power.” ’

1 Of these only three were natives of Boston (Lib. 7.53). Five at least were still living in 1874, namely, Messrs. Garrison, Johnson, Fuller, Thacher, and Bacon (Ms. Feb. 1, 1874, W. L. G. to O. Johnson, remarking on the longevity of the ‘apostles’). All but Mr. Johnson had died when Mr. Garrison passed away. From a later letter, Feb. 24, 1874, the following tributes are extracted. Of Benjamin C. Bacon: ‘You remember how early, faithfully, yet unobtrusively, he espoused the anti-slavery movement in Boston, and what excellent service he rendered as officeagent and secretary of the Anti-Slavery Depository. Ever of a meek and quiet spirit, not all the pro-slavery tumult of those times could disturb his serenity for a moment. He was equally serviceable to our cause after his removal to Philadelphia, and well appreciated by our friends and co-workers in that city.’ Of Moses Thacher: ‘He rendered important service and deserves honorable mention.’ Every one of the twelve was strongly Orthodox, while the three dissenters were Unitarians by conviction or affiliation. They were also the only lawyers.

2 Johnson's Garrison, p. 88.

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