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‘ [297] universal emancipation wholly unattainable, or, if attainable, at too high a price’; and even the ‘apostle of peace,’ William Ladd, who ‘knew’ that immediate1 emancipation ‘would be a curse to all parties.’ These names manifest the Society's strength among the intellectual and moral as well as political leaders of public opinion. Moreover:
Of the whole number of individuals constituting the officers2 of the Society, nearly three-fourths, I believe, are the owners of slaves, or interested in slave property; not one of whom, to my knowledge, has emancipated any of his slaves to be sent to Liberia!! The President of the Society (Charles Carroll) owns, I have understood, nearly one thousand slaves! And yet he is lauded, beyond measure, as a patriot, a philanthropist, and a Christian! The former President (Judge Bushrod Washington), so far from breaking the fetters of his slaves, actually while holding his office offered a large reward for a runaway female slave, to any person who would secure her by putting her into any jail within the United States!

To complete the effectiveness of his assault, Mr. Garrison gathered in a second part of his volume the protestations of the people of color against colonization, proving them to be ‘as unanimously opposed to a removal3 to Africa as the Cherokees from the council-fires and graves of their fathers.’ Some of these, like the 4 Richmond (Va.) resolutions of January, and the Philadelphia resolutions of January and August, 1817 (with James Forten in the chair), were the earliest possible remonstrances against the professed objects of the Society; the rest, from all parts of the country, had been printed in the Liberator, which was naturally charged with creating the adverse sentiments for which in fact it merely served as a mouthpiece. ‘It is my solemn conviction,’5 wrote Mr. Garrison, ‘that I have not proselyted a dozen individuals; for the very conclusive reason that no conversions were necessary.’

Such was the scheme of the “Thoughts on Colonization,” of which, at the present day, no abstract, however summary, could escape being dull. The Society still lives,

1 Thoughts, p. 84.

2 Ibid., Part II., p. 76.

3 Ibid., p. 5.

4 Ibid., p. 9.

5 Ibid., p. 8.

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