practically three stages of composition: first the detached thoughts of the Journal
; second, the rearrangement of this material for use upon the lecture platform; and finally, the essays in their present form.
The oral method thus predominates: a series of oracular thoughts has been shaped for oratorical utterance, not oratorical in the bombastic, popular American sense, but cunningly designed, by a master of rhetoric, to capture the ear and then the mind of the auditor.
's work as a lecturer coincided with the rise of that Lyceum system which brought most of the American
authors, for more than a generation, into intimate contact with the public, and which proved an important factor in the aesthetic and moral cultivation of our people.
No lecturer could have had a more auspicious influence than Emerson
, with his quiet dignity, his serene spiritual presence, his tonic and often electrifying force.
But if he gave his audiences precious gifts, he also learned much from them.
For thirty years his lecturing trips to the West
brought him, more widely than any New England
man of letters, into contact with the new, virile America of the great Mississippi valley.
Unlike many of his friends, he was not repelled by the “Jacksonism of ”