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[204] not linger over the smaller groups of human society, like the family. He is not a fireside poet. He passes directly from his strong persons, meeting freely on the open road, to his conception of “these States.” One of his typical visions of the breadth and depth and height of America will be found in By Blue Ontario's shore. In this and in many similar rhapsodies Whitman holds obstinately to what may be termed the three points of his national creed. The first is the newness of America, and its expression is in his well-known chant of Pioneers, O pioneers. Yet this new America is subtly related to the past; and in Whitman's later poems, such as Passage to India, the spiritual kinship of orient and occident is emphasized. The second article of the creed is the unity of America. Here he voices the conceptions of Hamilton, Clay, Webster, and Lincoln. In spite of all diversity in external aspects the republic is “one and indivisible.” This unity, in Whitman's view, was cemented forever by the issue of the Civil War. Lincoln, the “Captain,” dies indeed on the deck of the “victor ship,” but the ship comes into the harbor “with object won.” Third and finally, Whitman insists upon the solidarity of America with all countries of the globe. Particularly in his

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