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[35] other arm must suffer, either by neglect or by the conflict of ideals—the religious becoming the critic of the political, and the political in turn denying and disowning the1 religious. Such, in fact, became the attitude of the Abolitionists (whose name henceforth is as technical as Whig or Democrat) and the anti-slavery party in its various transformations down to the Rebellion.

For like reasons it was impossible that two purely moral agitations could be kept up side by side, as some had fondly imagined who would have let the sectarian seceders from the old organization go their own way, without exposure or refutation. The field from which one barely derived sustenance could not have given material support to both, and the weaker must have become, in the mere struggle for existence, less a propaganda of common doctrine than a professional opposition, thriving by the discredit it could throw on its rival and the recruits it could seduce from it. New organization, in short, had but one destiny—to be swallowed up in the Liberty Party. Its nominal head at New York, the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, was a mere mask for Lewis Tappan, who drew up its annual report, and bore the expenses of its single (annual) meeting and of its short-lived organ, the2 (monthly) Anti-Slavery Reporter, which Whittier helped edit.3 It had no agents in the field; it rendered no4 financial accounts. Joshua Leavitt, who had been made its

1 Lib. 12.179.

2 Ante, 2.386; Lib. 11.137, 167, 193.

3 Mrs. Mott writes to Hannah Webb of Dublin, Feb. 25, 1842 (Ms.): ‘Maria W. Chapman wrote me that he [Whittier] . . . was in the [A. S.] office a few months since, bemoaning to Garrison that there should have been any divisions. “ Why could we not all go on together?” “Why not, indeed?” said Garrison; “ we stand just where we did. I see no reason why you cannot cooperate with the American Society.” “ Oh,” replied Whittier, “but the American Society is not what it once was. It has the hat, and the coat, and the waistcoat of the old Society, but the life has passed out of it.” “Are you not ashamed,” said Garrison, “to come here wondering why we cannot go on together! No wonder you can't cooperate with a suit of old clothes!” ’

4 Lib. 11.37; 12.127.

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