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[36] secretary, while continuing to edit the Emancipator, found that it had no vital or organizing power, and at the close of the year was obliged to seek his living elsewhere. ‘It is not necessary,’ he said in his valedictory, “to recount the causes which prevented an effective meeting [in New York] in May, nor those which have hindered the Society from going into operation in a way to obtain a general sympathy and support of abolitionists. One great cause, doubtless, is that the generality of those who are willing to work and to give are engaged in political action, and in carrying on the State and other local societies. Many think, in fact, there is not, just at present, any very essential service for which a central Board is needed.” Lib. 11.193. So much for the American side of the Society. Its Foreign1 department was occupied with calumniating Mr. Garrison and the old organization, in concert with the Rev. John Scoble, who was the Lewis Tappan of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, another specious organization.2

Extraordinary, we are reminded by Leavitt's unsettling, was the dispersion of those whom hostility to the Liberator had momentarily banded together to break it down. On the occasion of Torrey's valedictory in the Free Amer-3 ican (as the Massachusetts Abolitionist was styled, with delightful vagueness, on becoming the organ of the4 Massachusetts Liberty Party), Mr. Garrison inquired:

Once consecrated to the anti-slavery enterprise—where are5 they? Stanton has retired from the field, and is said to be6 aiming for a seat in Congress.7 Wright is—we scarcely know8 where; and doing—we know not what.9 Phelps is a city missionary,

1 Lib. 11.37.

2 Lib. 22.9.

3 Lib. 11.59.

4 Lib. 11.38, 39.

5 Lib. 11.59.

6 H. B. Stanton.

7 Stanton—like Birney, who had gone to rusticate at Peterboroa, N. Y. (Lib. 12.127)—had prudently declined a secretaryship under Lewis Tappan's alias (Lib. 11: 47), and had betaken himself to the law (Ms. Mar. 14, 1841, N. P. Rogers to W. L. G.; Lib. 12: 127), of which he would begin the practice in Boston the following year (Stanton's “Random Recollections,” 2d ed., p. 58). He was supposed to be aiming at a seat in Congress (Lib. 12: 127), and though he never attained it, in spite of a Liberty Party nomination (Lib. 14: 174), he remained a politician to the end of his days.

8 Elizur Wright. A. A. Phelps.

9 Beriah Green knew, though he put the question to Mr. Wright (Lib. 11: 82), ‘What are you at? Has La Fontaine led you off altogether from the field of battle?’ The preface to Wright's translation bears date September, 1841. Meantime the apologetic, pro-slavery conduct of the Free American by a clerical successor of Torrey (Lib. 11: 82, 91), whom even he had to denounce, forced the Mass. Abolition Society to make a shift of securing Mr. Wright's services as editor once more in June, 1841 (Lib. 11.99). He was succeeded by Leavitt as above, and the paper became the Emancipator and Free American (Lib. 11: 191, 203). In 1842 Mr. Wright, in a desperate struggle with poverty, was trying personally to find purchasers for his translation (Lib. 12: 127).

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