and intensity, he now declared to have its foundation in ‘unreal, ghostly abstractions.’
fellow-citizens, reluctant to turn the fugitive from their doors, or assist in his capture, the Senator
held bound to the discharge of ‘a disagreeable duty,’ adding: “Any man can perform an agreeable duty—it is not every man who can perform a disagreeable duty.”
, he asked sardonically, “conquer her own Prejudices?”
The answer to this question was rendered at the polls in November, when the Whig party received a crushing2
defeat in Massachusetts
But more immediately response was made in Faneuil Hall by abolitionists and Free3
Soilers; by the colored people of Boston
; by the voters of4 Plymouth County
, the home of Webster
; and widely by the religious press.
These fanned the excitement5
attending the debates over the Compromise in Congress; those which grew out of the petitions for peaceable disunion6
presented by John P. Hale
in the Senate; the calling of the Nashville Convention
to concert disunion from the7
Southern point of view; the various Southern legislative8
preparations for the same event.
made an appropriation for arms, and Governor Floyd
, for the better recovery of fugitives, recommended a system of taxation by license “so arranged as to transfer entirely the trade from those States which have trampled under foot the Constitution of the United States
to those which are still willing to abide by its compromises and recognize our rights under it.”
This system he would apply to the manufactures, live stock, and soil products of the delinquent States, and withal would have the South
start factories of her own.
As in 1835, the attempt was made to cow the North10
through the medium of its trade, and the Union
with which the year opened and closed were largely sustained by the mercantile community.
the Democrats were ready to sacrifice the slavery issue to that of protection for the iron interest.
In New York,