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[341] Kossuth's relation to slavery and the abolitionists as soon as he consented to make his appeal for help to a slaveholding nation. Towards the close of 1849, the meetings of Hungarian sympathizers began to multiply so greatly that Mr. Garrison grouped them as a text for another1 article, on ‘National Hypocrisy’—testing these manifestations not only by the national sin of slaveholding, but by the Government's refusal to acknowledge the independence of Hayti; and recalling the Polish demonstrations of twenty years before, in which the South was2 conspicuous. When in the winter of 1849-50 Congress assembled, it was a pro-slavery doughface, Lewis Cass,3 who offered in the Senate a resolution suspending diplomatic relations with Austria by way of pressure on Hungary's behalf—an interference with the domestic concerns of a foreign country which Thompson did not fail to4 improve, in repelling censure of his apostleship of human rights in the United States.

Kossuth, meanwhile, had surrendered to Turkey and5 been interned, and had implored Palmerston's6 intervention—for his country against Austrian subjugation; for himself against the dreaded extradition to Russia. On March 3, 1851, President Fillmore, with the same hand that had signed the Fugitive Slave Law, approved a joint resolution of the very Congress which had passed that law,7 offering a vessel of the Mediterranean squadron to Kossuth and his fellow-exiles, if they were disposed to profit by this mode of escape. On March 27, Kossuth, at Broussa,8 indited his grateful acceptance, lavishing upon the United States the most fulsome flattery. ‘May your great example, noble Americans, be to other nations the source of social virtues; your power be the terror of all tyrants, the protector of the distressed, and your free country ever continue to be the asylum of the oppressed of all nations!’

Long before this address saw the light, the abolitionists had grave cause to dread Kossuth's arrival. ‘Who shall receive him?’ asked Whittier.

1 Lib. 19.193.

2 Ante, 1.250.

3 Lib. 20.6, 7.

4 Lib. 20.190.

5 Lib. 19.159.

6 Lib. 19.174.

7 Lib. 22.2.

8 Lib. 21.195.

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