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[354] barbarities,1 and his subserviency to slavery with the attitude of Thompson, O'Connell,2 Victor Hugo,3 and Lafayette;4 disposed of his American apologists; and furnished in an appendix the principal data referred to in our narrative thus far. A few passages may serve as examples of the argumentum ad hominem:

“The cause of the solidarity of human rights,” which you5 have come “to plead before the great republic of the United States,” is not Hungarian, but universal. A people who aim or desire to be saved at the expense, or to the detriment, of any other, is undeserving of salvation. This land is too full of compromisers and trimmers to need your presence to teach us how to do evil that good may come. What we need, what the world demands, is, an illustrious example of fidelity to the principles of liberty in their application not merely to one but to all races and lands. You cannot be too true to Hungary;

1 In this respect, the letter is worthy to be consulted along with Weld's “Slavery as it is ” and Mrs. Stowe's “ Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin.”

2O'Connell (I was told the anecdote by Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton), in 1829, after his election to the House of Commons, was called upon by the West India interest, some fifty or sixty strong, who said, “ O'Connell, you have been accustomed to act with Clarkson and Wilberforce, Lushington and Brougham, to speak on the platform of Freemasons' Hall and advocate what is called the abolition cause. Mark this! If you will break loose from these associates, if you will close your mouth on the slave question, you may reckon on our undivided support on Irish matters. Whenever your country's claims come up, you shall be sure of fifty votes on your side.” “ No,” said O'Connell, “ let God care for Ireland; I will never shut my mouth on the slave question to save her!” ’ (Wendell Phillips, speech at the National A. S. Bazaar, Dec. 27, 1851. Lib. 22: 2.)

3 Letter to Mrs. Chapman, Paris, July 6, 1851: ‘Slavery in such a country! Can there be an incongruity more monstrous? Barbarism installed in the very heart of a country which is itself the affirmation of civilization; liberty wearing a chain; blasphemy echoing from the altar; the collar of the negro chained to the pedestal of Washington! . . . What! when slavery is departing from Turkey, shall it rest in America? What! Drive it from the hearth of Omar, and adopt it at the hearth of Franklin? . . . The United States must renounce slavery, or they must renounce liberty. They cannot renounce liberty. They must renounce slavery, or renounce the Gospel. They will never renounce the Gospel’ ( “Letter to Louis Kossuth,” p. 38; Lib. 21: 126).

4 In the Liberty Bell for 1846, p. 64, Thomas Clarkson, describing to Mrs. Chapman his intimacy with Lafayette, reported him to have ‘said, frequently, “ I would never have drawn my sword in the cause of America if I could have conceived that thereby I was founding a land of slavery” ’ (Lib. 16: 1).

5 Letter to Kossuth, p. 56.

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