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[362] buffeted, outraged and oppressed, talk not then of a nonresisting Saviour—it is fanaticism! Talk not of overcoming evil with good—it is madness! Talk not of peacefully submitting to chains and stripes—it is base servility! Talk not of servants being obedient to their masters—let the blood of the tyrants flow! How is this to be explained or reconciled? Is there one law of submission and non-resistance for the black man, and another law of rebellion and conflict for the white man? When it is the whites who are trodden in the dust, does Christ justify them in taking up arms to vindicate their rights? And when it is the blacks who are thus treated, does Christ require them to be patient, harmless, long-suffering, and forgiving? And are there two Christs?

‘The work, towards its conclusion, contains some objectionable sentiments respecting African colonization, which we regret to see.’1

Twenty thousand copies of “ Uncle Tom” were disposed2 of in three weeks; four times as many at the end of the3 eleventh week. By that date an edition had been issued in London at two and sixpence, to be followed by one in4 six parts at a penny apiece; and before the end of the year no fewer than eighteen English editions could be5 reckoned. On September 24, George Thompson wrote from London to Mr. Garrison:

“Uncle Tom” is doing a great work here. Between 400,0006 and 500,000 copies (varying in price from sixpence to seven and sixpence) are already in circulation. Two of our metropolitan theatres are nightly crowded to overflowing by persons

1 The revival of the colonization mania in connection with the passage and execution of the Fugitive Slave Law is very significant. In this year 1852, Gov. Washington Hunt, in a message to the Legislature of New York, recommended liberal appropriations for the removal of the free blacks, as being a hindrance to Southern emancipation! (Lib. 22: 37, 38, 78, 139.) The Governor of Alabama followed suit (Lib. 22: 57). The Indiana Legislature actually voted a niggardly sum for the purpose (Lib. 22: 75). Even James G. Birney, despairing of the future of the free blacks, scandalized his old associates by issuing a pamphlet counselling expatriation (Lib. 22: 25, 38). At the annual meeting of the Mass. A. S. Society, in Faneuil Hall, on Jan. 31, Mr. Garrison felt it incumbent on him to make a set speech against colonization (Lib. 22: 30), and was subsequently urged by Wm. Henry Brisbane to prepare an address to the colored people, admonishing them not to be misled by specious arguments in favor of emigrating, nor to lose courage (Ms. Cincinnati, Mar. 26, 1852).

2 Lib. 22.59.

3 Ms. June 3, J. P. Jewett to W. L. G.

4 Ms. June 7, S. May, Jr., to W. L. G.

5 Lib. 22.191.

6 Ms.

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