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[419] they are in favor of allowing the colored man to come here and buy land on an equality with the white man. The common cry is, “We want no slavery and no niggers.” . . . I am much disappointed in the character of the New England emigrants. They come here, as men go to California, mainly after money.

The siege of Lawrence, and the sight of a free-State man wantonly murdered in this exciting period, caused Mr.1 Stearns formally to renounce his non-resistance views, and to shoulder his Sharp's rifle against wild beasts (not men). Mr. Garrison still held to the faith. He presided on March 24, 25, at a New England Non-Resistance Convention held2 in Worcester,3 and drew up a long array of resolutions, from which we single out one for its freshness in this connection:

17. Resolved, That the plan of supporting governments by tariffs, and other indirect taxes, is a cunning contrivance of tyrants to enable them to attain their ambitious and bloody aims without exciting the alarm of the people by a direct appeal to their pockets; therefore, one most potent way to put an end to war and tyranny is to abolish all tariffs and indirect taxes, and to substitute free trade and direct taxation as the means of sustaining political institutions. Lib. 25.50.

Mr. Garrison's anti-slavery labors for the year were, barring illness both at the beginning and close, as extensive and incessant as usual. On March 1, as a private venture, he lectured in Tremont Temple, Boston, in reply4 to Senator Sam Houston of Texas, who, the week before, in a nominally anti-slavery course of lectures conducted by Dr. S. G. Howe and others, had made “a stolid defence of slavery.” Lib. 25.35, 36. The experiment was a success, the audience being large. One feature of the review was the exhibition5 to the audience of eleven yards of Southern and slaveholding atrocities clipped from the columns of the Lib-

1 Lib. 26.2.

2 Lib. 25.50, 60.

3 By way of record, let us state here that the New England Non-Resistance Society held its last annual meetings and ceased to exist in 1849 (Lib. 19: 2, 3, 174, 186). On Jan. 1, 1848, Adin Ballou's paper had been made the organ of the Society, under the title of the Non-Resistant and Practical Christian (Lib. 18: 14). The compound name and the organship lasted only a year (Lib. 19: 14).

4 Lib. 25.38, 39.

5 Cf. ante, p. 162.

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