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[435] ‘vulgar abolitionists in the Senate,’ who were ‘getting above themselves.’ ‘They have grown saucy, and dare to be impudent to gentlemen. . . . They have been suffered to run too long without collars. They must be lashed into submission. . . . They will soon learn to behave themselves like decent dogs.’ So the Muscogee (Ala.) Herald summed up ‘free society’ as “but a conglomeration of greasy mechanics, filthy operatives, smallfisted farmers, and moon-struck theorists,” Lib. 26:[149]. not ‘fitted for well-bred gentlemen. . . . This is your free society which the Northern hordes are endeavoring to extend into Kansas.’

How the love of Union on the part of the North ever survived such representative expressions of contempt and contumely as these, must always remain a mystery. The narrow miss which the Republican Party made of electing Fremont may fairly be set down to the fear of disunion, industriously played upon by men who meant1 what they said, as was proved four years later. Toombs, and Mason, and Rhett, gave fair warning. Brooks2 recommended that the South rise, march on Washington, and seize the archives and the Treasury: “We should anticipate them [the free States], and force them to attack us.” Lib. 26: [145]. Henry A. Wise wrote with utmost accuracy to John W. Forney: “Whether the present state of peaceful revolution, of warlike brotherhood, of confederated antagonisms, of shake-hand enmity, of sectional union, of united enemies, shall continue, depends precisely upon the issue whether Black Republicanism is strong enough to elect John C. Fremont, with all the demon isms at his heels.” Lib. 26: [153]. Even Millard Fillmore, the Know-Nothing Presidential3 candidate, had the frank indecency to justify secession in the event referred to. If all this was set down as bluster by those who knew the value of the Union to slavery, the abolitionists at least were excusable, as being the only party who proposed to put it to the test by a peaceable Northern secession.

The Pierce Administration being resolved to sink or

1 Lib. 30.17.

2 Lib. 26: [142], 169, 185.

3 Lib. 26.170.

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