swim with Border-Ruffian supremacy in Kansas
, the Territory
was plunged deeper and deeper into civil war, with the United States troops as a complicating factor— dispersing the free-State Legislature, disarming1
Northern immigrant bodies as well as attempting to exclude the Southern
raiders, and assisting in the execution of ‘bogus’ writs.
Three Southern armies spread terror in every free-State settlement, especially Lawrence
, whose hotel and printing-office were battered down by way of2
judicial abatement as nuisances, and Osawatomie
Entrance to Kansas
by the Missouri River4
route was practically closed, and even the Iowa
frontiers were watched and picketed.
The first free-State reprisals were made by John Brown
his latest biographer calls the ‘Pottawatomie
executions’ —midnight extirpation with the sword, in true Southern6
fashion, of a nest of harborers of Border Ruffianism; and the capture of a raiding company at Black Jack Creek
‘the first regular battle fought between free-State and pro-slavery men in Kansas
Wanton bloodshed in that Territory, and not antislavery principle, wrought the North
to the pitch of resistance symbolized by the vote for Fremont
It carried the clergy off their feet, and opened their churches to meetings for the donation of Sharp
's rifles for Kansas
—Henry Ward8 Beecher
and Theodore Parker
being conspicuous in the9
promotion of this object, and both incurring Mr. Garrison
's friendly and discriminating censure.
To the former,10
who had said, ‘You might just as well read the Bible
buffaloes as to those fellows who follow Atchison
,’ he rejoined:
Is it not to be sorely pressed, yea, to yield the whole ground,13 to represent any class of our fellow-creatures as being on the same level with wild beasts?
To such a desperate shift does the slaveholder resort, to screen himself from condemnation.
The negroes, he avers, are an inferior race—a connecting link between men and monkeys—and therefore it is folly to talk of giving them liberty and equal rights.