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[460] in the shape of Personal Liberty laws. Massachusetts would issue passports to her own colored citizens.1 The New York Court of Appeals, in the long-pending2 Lemmon case, decided against the right to bring slaves into that State.

This revolt against the Slave Power was neither against the Constitution nor the Union. Nevertheless, the promoters of the Northern disunion movement determined to proceed with their proposed convention of the free States. The circular call was issued in July. It was3 signed by T. W. Higginson, Wendell Phillips, Daniel Mann,4 W. L. Garrison, and F. W. Bird—the editor of Liberator going far beyond the language of it, since5 it proposed merely an inquiry into the practicability and expediency of disunion, and committed no one signing it to the doctrine. The date of the Convention was fixed in October, and the place selected was Cleveland,6 Ohio. In that State, the abolitionists had in January petitioned the Legislature to take steps to withdraw from7 the Union; with the result at least of precipitating a very edifying debate, in which the Republican members8 solemnly reaffirmed their ‘affection and fidelity to the Union.’

Rev. T. W. Higginson to W. L. Garrison.

Worcester, August 27, 1857.
9 Mr. Howland10 and I agreed quite well about your note to Mr. May in respect to the superiority of Syracuse to Cleveland.11 I regret your change of opinion about it, but the following considerations entirely convince my mind of the inexpediency of a change.

1. It is too late, as Mr. Robinson has been already authorized12 by me to engage a hall in Cleveland.


1 Lib. 27.66.

2 Lib. 27.199, 201; 22.186, 187.

3 Lib. 27.118.

4 A Boston dentist residing in Worcester Co., Mass., possessed of much shrewdness of character, and a racy and forcible writer. See the Liberator of this period passim.

5 Lib. 27.118.

6 Lib. 27.146.

7 Lib. 27.19.

8 Lib. 27.57.

9 Ms.

10 Joseph A. Howland of Worcester, a lecturing agent of the Massachusetts A. S. Society (Lib. 28: 35), and one of the signers of the call for the Disunion Convention of Jan. 15 (Lib. 27: 2).

11 Rev. S. May, Jr.

12 Marius R. Robinson.

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