in the shape of Personal Liberty laws.
would issue passports to her own colored citizens.1
The New York Court of Appeals, in the long-pending2 Lemmon
case, decided against the right to bring slaves into that State.
This revolt against the Slave Power
was neither against the Constitution
nor the Union
Nevertheless, the promoters of the Northern
disunion movement determined to proceed with their proposed convention of the free States.
The circular call was issued in July.
signed by T. W. Higginson
, Wendell Phillips
, Daniel Mann
,4 W. L. Garrison
, and F. W. Bird
—the editor of Liberator
going far beyond the language of it, since5
it proposed merely an inquiry into the practicability and expediency of disunion, and committed no one signing it to the doctrine.
The date of the Convention
was fixed in October, and the place selected was Cleveland
In that State, the abolitionists had in January petitioned the Legislature to take steps to withdraw from7
; with the result at least of precipitating a very edifying debate, in which the Republican
solemnly reaffirmed their ‘affection and fidelity to the Union
Rev. T. W. Higginson to W. L. Garrison.