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[54] its deliberations, and would not be bound by the previously expressed opinions of any of its members, neither would it be deterred from taking action for itself by any threats of violence.1

Mrs. Child's opposition was unexpected, for, only a few weeks before, she had stated in the Standard her2 conviction, of two years standing, that disunion was the only way out of Northern complicity with slavery. Thereupon she was not surprised when a friend, writing from3 Boston, informed her: ‘We launch, this campaign, the great question of repeal of the Union, and mean to carry it through the Commonwealth.’ A little later she4 repeated her own readiness for the doctrine, though she deprecated making a test question of it, as did J. S.5 Gibbons.

With characteristic delicacy, Mr. Garrison decided to absent himself (for the first time) from the anniversary of the American Society. Public announcement of his intention was made in the Liberator of May 13, on which6 date he wrote as follows to his brother-in-law:

W. L. Garrison to G. W. Benson.

Boston, May 13, 1842.
7 You will see, by the Liberator of to-day, that I did not go to New York, and the reasons why I remained at home. I regretted to be absent from the meeting on account of the stormy aspect of things, created by the diabolism of the New York daily press; but, in consequence of the peculiar position in which I stood to the Executive Committee, by their unfortunate disclaimer, I deemed it very important that the action of

1 These newspaper threats were immediately reenforced by the charge of Judge Mordecai Manuel Noah, of the New York Court of Sessions, to the Grand Jury, to wit: that if, in spite of the above circular disclaimer, the convention should actually attempt to discuss ‘a project embracing a dissolution of our happy form of government’ (which discussion ‘would evidently tend to a disastrous breach of the public peace’), it would be their duty to indict the agitators (Lib. 12: 71). The Court meant to convince ‘any body of men making this city the theatre of their deliberations, that their objects and intentions must be strictly legal, rational, and justifiable.’

2 Lib. 12.34, 75.

3 Mrs. Chapman?

4 Lib. 12.57.

5 Lib. 12.73.

6 Lib. 12.75.

7 Ms.

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